What is Canadian Bacon?

Canadian Bacon is there between the egg and the muffin of our beloved Eggs Benedict but what exactly is it? Let’s find out more about it.
Canadian Bacon is there between the egg and the muffin of our beloved Eggs Benedict but what exactly is it? Let's find out more about it.

You know it. You’ve had it before.

But what is Canadian bacon actually?

Canadian bacon comes from the eye of the pork loin (the center of the pig’s back). That’s something people agree on. Other than that, it means different things in different parts of the world. In America, the meat is salted and cured, sometimes smoked. You can eat it straight from the package or cook with it.

In Canada, Canadian bacon can refer to the above round circles of ham-like meat we know from Eggs Benedict. Although they would normally call it back bacon, not Canadian bacon. Back bacon/Canadian bacon can also refer to peameal bacon.

What’s Peameal Bacon?

During the early part of the last century, yellow peas were ground up and used to coat and cure pork loin. This became known as peameal bacon.

Once cornmeal became more readily available, it was swapped for the peameal. You can still find peameal bacon that actually uses peameal in some places. Check the product label. Note though that even when cornmeal is used they still call it peameal bacon.

How is Canadian bacon different from American bacon?

American bacon comes from the belly of the pig, and tends to be much fattier. American bacon is sometimes called streaky bacon in the UK and other parts of the world because of the delicious ribbons of fat and meat.

American bacon is meant to be fried crisp using its own fat whereas Canadian bacon is best served soft and juicy. It loses its sweet taste if cooked too long.

Two important bacon questions before we wrap up.

1) When Canadians say Canadian bacon what do they mean? I asked our editor, Christine. She said, “We don’t say Canadian bacon. Unless we’re in the States.”

2) What do Canadians call American bacon? “We call it bacon. We’re not that weird, you know.”

Sources: the REAL Canadian Bacon Co., WiseGeek, Food.com, the kitchn

What is Canadian Bacon?

This post originally appeared in April 2016 and was revised and republished in April 2020.

What is Canadian Bacon?
What is Canadian Bacon?

Amy Bowen

Amy had no clue how to cook until she became the food reporter for a daily newspaper in Minnesota. At 25, she even struggled with boxed mac and cheese. These days, Amy is a much better cook, thanks to interviewing cooks and chefs for more than 10 years. She even makes four cheese macaroni and cheese with bacon, no boxed mac in sight. Amy is also on the editorial team at The Cookful.